GnuPG settings

Here is my GnuPG settings.


I create .gnupg/gpg.conf file with the following content.

default-key 0xE267B052364F028D

In addition to the use-agent option, I specify my default key.

The use-agent option is for GnuPG 1.4.x and it means using gpg-agent if available. If no option, GnuPG 1.4.x directly connects to Gnuk Token by itself, instead of through scdaemon. When GnuPG 1.4.x tries to access Gnuk Token and scdaemon is running, there are conflicts.

We recommend to specify the use-agent option for GnuPG 1.4.x to access Gnuk Token through gpg-agent and scdaemon.

For GnuPG 2.0 and 2.1, gpg-agent is always used, so, there is no need to specify the use-agent option, but having this option is no harm, anyway.

Let gpg-agent manage SSH key

I create .gnupg/gpg-agent.conf file with the following content.


I edit the file /etc/X11/Xsession.options and comment out use-ssh-agent line, so that Xsession doesn’t invoke original ssh-agent. We use gpg-agent as ssh-agent.

In the files /etc/xdg/autostart/gnome-keyring-ssh.desktop, I have a line something like:


I edit this line to:


So that no desktop environment enables gnome-keyring for ssh.